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Saffron

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Did You Know?
More than 75,000 crocus are needed to produce a pound (450g) of Saffron. The word Saffron comes from the Arabic Za'faran meaning yellow. Saffron Waldon in Essex was so named because of its cultivation of Saffron for over 400 years. The spice has always been expensive and, therefore, open to adulteration. In the Middle Ages, punishment for this crime was extreme. In 1444, a German named Findeker was ordered to be burned at the stake for adulterating Saffron. The use of Saffron in Cornish cooking is believed to have originated from trade with the Phoenicians for Cornish tin.

Quality
Saffron can easily be adulterated; there is no such thing as cheap Saffron. The stigmas should be a deep vibrant red colour and have a strong clinging aroma.

Usage
Crush the strands lightly and steep in a little warm water or milk before adding to the rice for paella or risottos. Transform mashed potato by adding a pinch of Saffron strands to the water when boiling. Drain, stir in crushed garlic and olive oil before mashing.

Nutrition
Energy per 100g: 310 KCal
Protein per 100g: 11.4 g
Carbohydrates per 100g: 61.5 g
Fat per 100g: 5.9 g